What Is The Difference Between Just And Unjust Agreements
„Anyone who violates an unjust law must do so openly, affectionately and with the will to accept punishment… A man who violates a law that tells him conscience is unjust, and who willingly accepts the prison sentence to raise awareness of the iniquity of the community, actually expresses the greatest respect for the law. Personally, I agree with the whole of his letter. I also think we all have certain „natural rights.” In other words, for me there is a kind of „moral law” or „divine law.” His explanation of what is right and what is unfair is exactly the same as my ideas about them. It was stressful, frightening and physically unpleasant for Martin Luther King Jr. to spend a week in this cell in Birmingham prison. He has shown, however, that the mind can walk freely, even if the body is confined. Explore the life of another person who had been a „prisoner of conscience” (i.e., a person imprisoned or imprisoned for non-compliance with unjust laws). Write a short profile and choose an inspirational quote from that person to share with the class. In 1963, Father Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter from his cell in Birmingham Prison in which he spoke of just and unjust laws. The great civil rights activist quoted St. Augustine: „An unjust law is not a law at all.” Note how the violation of the unjust law must be calculated so that it can be considered civil disobedience: Socrates never deliberately violated the laws of Athens, he was accused of crimes which he did not know he was committing them, and he even opposes these crimes being committed in the Athens court, instead of simply accepting the punishment for those crimes.
In other words, Socrates did not knowingly commit the crimes that were charged against him for the purpose or purpose of becoming a martyr to show the injustice of the athens legal system. Moreover, Socrates had no intention of breaking the laws of Athens, as his argument to his friends who helped him escape into exile shows. Instead of fleeing into exile, if he had several chances, Socrates` decision to stay in Athens and engage in the decisions – as just or unjust – of the law of Athens indicates his strong faith in civil obedience. This quote shows what Socrates thinks was his own role in the city, and what he thinks the charges against him were really enacted. By choosing death, Socrates honored his ties with Athens and the law of Athens and did not create subversion and disagreement among the general population that civil disobedience wanted to achieve. In other words, if you perform an unfair or false action, you are attacking yourself at the non-physical level, like physical self-injury, and you intuitively avoid physical injuries if you avoid self-inflicted injuries that have been inflicted by fault in all cases, including revenge.